The “magi” who visited baby Jesus of Nazareth after his birth in Bethlehem near the end of the 1st century BC are often misunderstood and somewhat of an enigma. Popular songs and plays refer to them incorrectly as “3 Kings,” while few have much of an idea who these men were and what country or culture they came from. The book of Matthew is the only surviving 1st century AD record of these mysterious magi who visit Jesus as a very young child—the other three Gospels do not mention this occurrence, and no reference is made to their visit in any other New Testament book.
A small papyrus fragment from the antiquities market was announced to contain the words “…Jesus said to them my wife…” This sentence fragment immediately sparked interest and controversy due to the apparent contradiction of the statement to information about the life of Jesus of Nazareth in the New Testament and the writings of the early Church. Popular fiction and conspiracy theories also have lately explored this idea, adding skewed perceptions about the life of Jesus in society. Initially, some scholars considered it likely that the papyrus fragment was authentic.
A stone inscription acquired on the antiquities market of Nazareth in 1878 appearing to be a rescript of an imperial Roman edict was dubbed "The Nazareth Inscription." It was taken to France and eventually moved into the Bibliotheque Nationale de France, but remained unpublished until 1930. The inscription was written in ancient Koine Greek, and its main purpose is to give notice that the punishment for stealing a corpse from a stone sealed tomb will be death to the perpetrator(s).